Author: Amelia Gotwals

Filter by Category
  • All
  • Assessment
  • Assessment Basics
  • Assessment Data
  • Assessment Objectives
  • Assessment Types
  • Classroom Application
  • Expert Voices
  • Formative Assessment
  • Parent Communication
  • Policy
  • Professional Development
  • Research
  • Resources
  • Student Empowerment
  • Students and Assessments
  • Teacher Voices
  • Using Data

Formative assessment, the integration of assessment with instruction or “assessment for learning,” has the potential to yield substantial learning gains (Black & Wiliam, 1998). Researchers often summarize the impact of programs and practices in terms of an effect size that measures the difference between the treatment and control groups. In this case,...